III. Research and Report Summaries
Assessing Electoral Fraud in New Democracies: Refining the Vocabulary – Chad Vickery and Erica Shein, International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), May 2012: New research from IFES reviews the existing literature about definitions of electoral fraud and presents its own set of definitions aimed at helping election officials, experts, and others identify and address electoral fraud when it happens.
Growing trend of plurality wins in governors' races – Lindsey Needham, FairVote, May 7, 2012: In analyzing elections data since 1946, FairVote finds that the number of governors elected without winning at least 50 percent of the vote has increased in almost every decade. In 2010-2011, 28 percent of the nation's 39 races for governor were won by candidates who did not receive a majority of the vote. Over the last twenty years, eight governors have been elected with less than 40 percent of the vote.